Symptoms of Arthritis

: May 28, 2015
 
 
Arthritis
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The inflammatory disease involving the joints that is arthritis causes a lot of pain and discomfort. It can affect any one even a small child. Lots of research has been done on the subject and several different types of arthritis have been detected
 
The symptoms of arthritis will primarily depend on the type of arthritis and the causes of arthritis.

Types of arthritis

1. Osteoarthritis:

The meeting point of two bones is known a joint which is covered by a protective layer called cartilage due to which the joints can function easily without ant friction. If the cartilage gets injured then the ligaments will also suffer damage resulting in pain and in worst conditions the bones rub against each other which can cause unbearable pain. This type of arthritis where the cartilage gets affected is known as osteoarthritis.

2. Rheumatoid Arthritis:

This type of arthritis is found in middle age and elderly women. This arthritis is autoimmune in nature in which the pain and inflammation is due to adverse effect on the synovial membrane and if not treated in time can lead to a physical deformity

3. Infectious Arthritis

As the name suggests this arthritis is as a result of a microbial infection of the tissues and .The microbial infection reaches the joints through blood. People who have earlier encountered arthritis are susceptible to this form of arthritis.

4. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA):

It is seen in children below the age of 16 years. It can affect only 4 joints or more than that. The more the number of joints and organs affected the more serious is the condition and it gets worst as time passes by.
Above four types of arthritis are the main types of arthritis. In addition people with psoriasis can also suffer from arthritis which is known as psoriatic arthritis and excess uric acid in the body can result in a type of very painful arthritis known as gout.

Causes:

  • It can be purely hereditary and has been passed on from one generation to the other
  • Arthritis is considered to be autoimmune in nature
  • Injuries which may have been ignored earlier
  • Medical conditions
  • Diet of a person
  • Overweight people are prone to recurring cases of arthritis.
  • Recurring and tedious activity by the body
A single factor or a combination of several factors can result in arthritis. There could either be an instance of the wear and tear of cartilage, or lack of synovial fluids etc.

Symptoms of arthritis:

1. Osteosarthritis:

This begins with pain in the joint. The main can be when the joint is in use or even during inactivity for a long time. There is tenderness in the joints. Slowly and steadily the joints loose their flexibility. The is joint stiffness, especially in the mornings. It hampers the joint movement. There is an annoying and jarring sensation. Hard bulge is found around the joints and there is swelling.Knees, hands, hips and spine gets affected with osteoarthritis.

2. Rheumatoid Arthritis:

The same joints on both sides of the body are swollen, painful and stiff. The joints are stiff in the morning for prolonged periods of up to half an hour. The smaller joints are affected first and as the arthritis progresses it spreads to the larger joints. Tiredness and loss of weight is also seen in this kind of arthritis. The joints are tender and the hands are red and swollen. The arthritis spreads from smaller joints to wrist hands, knees etc.

3. Infectious arthritis:

Most of the times just one joint is affected. There is fever, inflammation and pain usually due to some injury or prior illness.Knee, shoulder, elbow, wrist and fingers are affected.

4. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis:

As the name suggests it affects children. The affected child has fever which increases in the evening and then recedes. Poor appetite, fever, loss of weight and anemia are common in this case. Rashes on arms and legs are observed. A joint may suddenly swell. There can be limping or a sore wrist. Stiffness of neck and hips is also seen.
To sum it up the most common symptoms of arthritis are :
  • Pain in the joints.
  • Stiffness
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Tenderness in the affected joint
  • In some cases fever, tiredness, loss of weight, abnormalities in heart. lungs and kidneys is also observed
If any of these symptoms are seen for prolonged periods one must immediately seek the advice of a rheumatologists. Proper treatments and lifestyle changes will surely give relief from arthritis.

AUTHOR

Sarjita Pradhan

Sarjita Pradhan

Sarjita Pradhan born and brought in Mumbai has a degree in Masters in Analytical Chemistry and a wide work experience in various fields...

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