Arthritis - Aches and joint pain

: May 28, 2015
 
 
Arthritis
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Arthritis is the inflammation of the joints, which is the meeting point of two bones and its function is the movement of the body parts, which are connected to the bones. Arthritis is accompanied with pain in the joints, which is known as arthralgia. Arthritis affects both men and women. There are more than 100 recognized arthritis .The most common being osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
 

Types of arthritis:

1. Osteoarthritis:

This type of arthritis affects the cartilage. The cartilage is a shock absorber and its elasticity helps I smooth functioning of the joints. This cartilage may loose its elasticity and gets damaged in some areas, which obviously affects the ligaments in the adverse way causing pain. In extreme cases, the bones may start rubbing against each other causing severe pain.

2. Rheumatoid Arthritis:

It is arthritis caused due inflammation as a result of a hyperactive immune system. In this case, the synovial membrane is affected and this results in pain and swelling. This arthritis needs immediate attention because in extreme cases it can even lead to deformity. This type of arthritis is usually seen in women between 40 and 60 years.

3. Infectious Arthritis

This is as a result of bacterial, fungal or viral infection of the synovial fluid and tissues of the joints. It is also known as septic arthritis. The infection can spread through the bloodstream and affect a joint. This is more likely to occur in individuals who have suffered from arthritis at some point in their life.

4. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA):

This mainly affects children (people below the age of 16)
  • If it affects only 4 joints it is called Pauciarticular JRA
  • If it affects more joints and the condition worsens as time goes back then it is called Polyarticular JRA
  • The more serious type where several joints are affected and even organs get affected is called Systemic JRA

5. Psoriatic Arthritis:

It is found in people with psoriasis.

6. Gout:

It is as a result of too much uric acid in the body. It begins with the big toe and is a very painful type of arthritis.

Symptoms of arthritis:

The symptoms will depend on the type of arthritis. The most common symptoms are:
  • Pain in the joints.
  • Stiffness
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Tenderness in the affected joint
  • In some cases fever, tiredness, loss of weight, abnormalities in the heart. lungs and kidneys are also observed

Causes of Arthritis:

  • Injury
  • Obesity which strains the joints
  • Physical strain on joints due to certain repeated movements
  • Autoimmune disease
  • Diet
  • Infections and allergies

Diet in arthritis:

In some cases, diet may not hold the key, but omega3fatty acid rich food is found to be beneficial. Fish oils with its anti-inflammatory properties are found to be good. Gout is diet-based arthritis. Any food that increases uric acid should be avoided. It is best to keep red meat, shellfish, and alcohol including beer at bay if you are suffering from gout.

Complications:

These will depend on the severity of arthritis. In rheumatoid arthritis, severe conditions will affect the organs like, kidney, lungs, and eyes. Chronic inflammation can result in difficulty in movement. At times, the movement of the joints becomes impossible and it can even lead to permanent deformity.
 
It is best to see a rheumatologist and seek treatment to get relief from arthritis. Regular exercise is also important. Brisk walking, joint related exercises are found to be best for the condition. Massage with oils like mustard oil is also found to give relief from pain and inflammation. Arthritis is at times, not a serious problem but the pain and inflammation causes lot of annoyance and difficulty in movements, but one can surely get relief from it if treated in time

AUTHOR

Sarjita Pradhan

Sarjita Pradhan

Sarjita Pradhan born and brought in Mumbai has a degree in Masters in Analytical Chemistry and a wide work experience in various fields...

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